Sixty years ago, the Dartmouth Conference was held, marking the official birth of artificial intelligence as an emerging discipline. In recent years, the emergence of artificial intelligence represented by phenomena such as self-driving cars and AlphaGo has marked that artificial intelligence has entered a climax stage of development.
In recent years, the development of intelligent algorithms represented by deep learning, data construction represented by big data technology, and the development of supercomputing capabilities represented by cloud computing have provided technical support for the development of artificial intelligence. It has been widely used in the fields of industry, transportation, education, security and home furnishing.
Various periods-value created by AI
1950s ~ the late 1970s →
A large number of successful “artificial intelligence” application scenarios and research directions have emerged, including search-based reasoning, natural language, deep learning, and perceptrons (the prototype of enhanced learning). Computing technology is used to solve modern mathematical application problems, prove geometric theorems, learn and use English.
1980s ~ mid 1990s →
The popularization of personal computers and the widespread application of “expert systems” have achieved typical applications at this stage. At this stage, some large companies have developed their own expert systems.
1990s ~ the early 20th century →
Artificial intelligence has entered the incubation period of a new round of technological explosions, and successfully appeared in industrial applications, and achieved milestone results: the computer “Deep Blue” developed by IBM defeated the chess champion Kasparov; Google driverless cars Completed 20,000 kilometers of testing and so on. Although there is no influential algorithm at this stage, with the advancement of hardware technology, many early-stage artificial intelligence applications have been further expanded, and artificial intelligence is moving in the direction of practicality.
The beginning of the 20th century ~ now →